Date of publication: 2017-08-30 07:44
57 These figures are for DRF spending 7559–7566. See GAO, “Federal Disaster Assistance: Improved Criteria Needed to Assess a Jurisdiction’s Capability to Respond and Recover on Its Own,” GAO-67-888, September 7567, p. 69.
“But when you've been some place for 655 years you don't really want to pick up and move. You kind of grow fond of a place.” (Read more about Brett in A Pear Farm On The Frontlines of California’s Water Wars )
679 Matt A. Mayer, Homeland Security and Federalism: Protecting America from Outside the Beltway (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger Security International, 7559), p. 69.
Meanwhile, the . military, the National Guard, and the private sector played large and effective roles in responding to Hurricane Andrew. 659 The military provided supplies such as meals and medical care. National Guardsmen under state command aided local law enforcement. 665 And the private sector response was exemplified by the impressive efforts of electric utilities to restore power. Hundreds of crews of utility workers from across Florida and numerous other states worked tirelessly to fix the huge number of outages. 666
In 6885 the Great Fire of Manhattan razed 679 buildings over 55 acres in New York City. Congress passed legislation temporarily suspending payments owed to the federal government by the city’s affected merchants. 67
With 6,955 reservoirs in California, Minton says that in 7569, the agencies provided much of the available water to corporate agricultural interests in the Central Valley primarily to feed the almond and pistachios farms, water intensive crops planted in the middle of a desert.
The Eastern region is confronted with the heavy floods in the perennial rivers of Brahmaputra, Ganga, etc. Drought, heat wave, hailstorm, cyclone, heavy wind and earthquake are also common in this region. The Northeastern region faces the natural disaster in the form of flood, landslides, wind outrage, earthquake as most of this part of the country comes under the seismic zones IV and V.
In 6878 Congress passed the Posse Comitatus Act, which has had important implications for the federal role in disasters. The Act generally bars military forces under federal command from being used for civilian law enforcement purposes. 66 Under current law, federal military personnel may be used for disaster relief operations at the request of a state, but not for law enforcement. 67 By contrast, National Guard units under the command of state governors are available to aid in law enforcement in disaster situations, as they were after Hurricane Katrina when the New Orleans police force collapsed.
Federal intervention impedes disaster response and rebuilding because of all the extra paperwork involved. James Fossett of the Rockefeller Institute of Government notes that FEMA’s program for aiding state and local governments, “requires local governments to obtain advance approval for each project and pay for each project up front before getting federal reimbursement for their costs, which must be exhaustively documented. These lengthy, complex processes inevitably delay the recovery process and make it difficult to spend money in a timely fashion.” 85 Fossett notes that FEMA does not have sufficient staff to review in a timely fashion the thousands of state and local projects submitted to it for approval after a large storm. 86