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Will Computers Ever Replace Teachers? | The New Yorker

Date of publication: 2017-08-26 05:33

Question: in the discussion -- before Thrasymachus breaks into it (at 886b) -- rather than "the just man", would it not be clearer to simply say "the good man"? Because that seems to be the sense of 'just' that is used. For does not Plato identify the excellence (or, virtue) that is the defining characteristic of man -- and therefore also of the good for man -- with "justice" and therefore, is not saying 'the just man' the same as saying 'the good man'?

Aristotle: Ethics | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Medieval Byzantine and Arab society were highly advanced for their time, certainly compared to the societies of north-western and central Europe during the same period, and it is clear that in Sicily much Norman and Swabian-German wisdom was a reaction to the seeds planted in Sicily by those two great civilizations. Nothing in Normandy or the Angevin-French or German realms was like the culture and wealth of Sicily by the early decades of the eleventh century.

What Plato knew about behavioural economics. (A lot

Does the shepherd shear the sheep for the sheep's benefit (welfare)? Does the milk-maid milk the cow for the cow's benefit? Does the fisherman catch fish for the fish's benefit? There seem to be many counter-examples to Plato's thesis, if it is a thesis rather than a tautology (. a proposition so fluid in meaning as to be unfalsifiable), which examples should refute it. They certainly don't confirm (agree to) it.

Democritus

858b-e suggests that by 'justice' Plato means 'probity'. But elsewhere he seems to mean: correct conduct ("fair play") towards other human beings, just as by 'piety' we often mean 'correct conduct towards God or gods'. (As to what Aristotle means by the word 'equity' see his very humane and clear statement in Rhetoric 6879b9-77 (quoted by Guthrie, p. 875-876). But that statement does not answer the question of whether or not a law can be unjust.)

55) For PHIL 65 only, Arthur C. Clarke's Mysterious World, Clarke's Cabinet of Curiosities, an all-star grab bag collection of mysteries to try to explain and to ponder

But what kind of impossibility is this -- is it empirical or logical, or in other words, factual [experiential] or conceptual ['conceptual' in the sense of 'based on rules']? Doing men harm does not make them more unjust, but, rather, doing harm = make more unjust (If a deed does not make the man more unjust, then it does not harm him, it seems).

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Aquinas was canonised fifty years after his death, after an initial rebuff for neo-Aristotelian innovations. He was now a symbol of progress for the governing ecclesiastical regime. In the early fourteenth century, the Franciscan Spirituals were suppressed by the Papacy. Wishing to lead the simple life of Francis, without wealth and dogmatic learning, some of these harassed ascetics were delivered to the Inquisition. The intimidation did not work in all cases, and four of them were burned in 6868. There were many more agonies at the pyre and on the rack over the generations that followed. The official Aristotle installed by Aquinas became a justification for slavery in some Eurocentric circles dominated by aristocratic and colonial tendencies.

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