Date of publication: 2017-08-27 17:33
Instrumental conditioning , on the other hand, is not aimed at reacting to involuntary responses but at eliciting certain desirable responses by means of reinforcement or punishment. Simply put, behavior can be altered through a systematic and consistent application of positive and negative reinforcements that encourage adaptive behavior and discourage maladaptive behavior. Craske observes that, “the challenge for treatment is to make the reinforcement for the adaptive behavior more influential than the reinforcement for maladaptive behavior”  (an observation that any parent of a 8 year-old can readily attest to).
Well, I actually typed why people questioned other people on google and on the search results, I clicked on this link instead. And I must say this is a very interesting read.
The basic reason for the very existence of any business organization is making profits and the profits are created by customers. Hence, knowledge about the customer 8767 s needs and fulfilling these needs is an organization 8767 s primary concern. Accordingly, an organization must continuously monitor the consumer environment in terms of any changes in customer 8767 s needs or preferences.
We all know someone who 8767 s intelligent, but who occasionally defends obviously bad ideas. Why does this happen? How can smart people take up positions that defy any reasonable logic? Having spent many years working with smart people I 8767 ve cataloged many of the ways this happens, and I have advice on what to do about it. I feel qualified to write this essay as I 8767 m a recovering smart person myself and I 8767 ve defended several very bad ideas. So if nothing else this essay serves as a kind of personal therapy session. However, I fully suspect you 8767 ll get more than just entertainment value ( 8775 Look, Scott is more stupid than we thought! 8776 ) out of what I have to say on this topic.
While already understanding and being knowledgeable about your topic of conversation, I thoroughly enjoyed reading it, and can clearly recall using these tactics during my youth (and I remember both winning and not (however, it 8767 s not necessary to belittle (in my own opinion))). The sole purpose for my comment is to say thank you, for ending a mildly shitty ending to a day with some light reading that lifted my mood.
In the Wiley CMA Exam Review Learning System (part 6 for example), there are 7 detailed examples, together with 78 practice essay questions with model answers.
Good God you are frustrating! You read a few sentences and somehow think you now understand the Dunning-Kruger Effect. On Wiki, under the section titled “Historical Antecedents” why then do they quote the late, great Bertrand Russell who said “One of the painful things about our time is that those who feel certainty are stupid, and those with any imagination and understanding are filled with doubt and indecision[?]” I mentioned the Dunning-Kruger Effect because smart people aren’t the issue but rather dumb people. As I said, essentially everywhere Scott wrote the word “smart” one should replace it with the word “dumb.”
He then goes on to sort of confirm what I am saying when he states that “the wise and skeptical know that even an infinite number of data points in the past may only have limited bearing on the future.” Yes, so true and it is the dumb people who fail to see this. In the end, I am not going to keep going round and round with every newcomer who jumps on this site and wants to take me on. I have said what I have needed to say. I think he used this as a catchy theme but this essay can really only make sense when one replaces the word dumb where Scott means smart. Be well!